Gambling and casinos

Millions of people go there. Even though the casino always remains in the black anyway, everyone knows it.

Gambling dates back to ancient times because even then, people were aware of the concept of luck and believed that in some way, usually through magic, they could influence it. The gambling industry is thriving and growing today, generating billions of dollars a year. Millions of people go there. This is even though the casino always remains in the black anyway, and everyone knows it.


With the understanding of modern people, gambling is roulette, cards, slots, and online casinos such as However, let's take a little trip into history and find out when gambling first appeared and what it was like in ancient times. The ancestor of all gambling is considered to be dice.

The oldest gambling dice were found in the ancient Egyptian city of Thebes. The find is dated to the 20th century BC. The first gambling houses were also found on the Lower Nile. We can assume that ancient Egypt is the home of gambling. But dice-like artifacts have been found during excavations in various ancient settlements. Incidentally, old gambling dice were made from animal tusks, horns, and valuable wood. However, one of the most popular forms of entertainment in ancient Rome were spectacular shows: chariot races, gladiatorial, and animal fights. Romans were eager to bet on possible winnings, thus satisfying their passion for gambling. The mechanism of this ancient pastime is very similar to modern gambling, where bets are also placed on the results of sporting events.


You would be surprised, but we all know that the children's tic-tac-toe game in Europe in the 11th century was considered gambling. At that time, "tic-tac-toe" involved monetary stakes for the game's outcome and served as the prototype of modern lotteries. In Russia, gambling appeared long before the Revolution. Many famous works of Russian literary classics were written under the impression of card games, for example, Dostoevsky's "The Gambler" and Pushkin's "The Lady of Spades."


As soon as playing cards appeared in Europe, they were banned immediately. Those caught gambling faced corporal punishment and fines. Later, bridge and preference were allowed because it was believed that winning depended largely on the player's skill. Prohibited games also included lotteries and roulette. The Soviet Union banned all forms of gambling, except lotteries, which were organized by the state. With their help, one could win money, goods in short supply, and cars. But despite this, underground casinos still existed in the Soviet Union, where mainly cards were played, although their organization was severely punished by law. Currently, casinos are banned in all cities except in special gambling zones.


Casinos are legal there, but most of the rich Moscow and St. Petersburg residents fly to Minsk casinos because it is much closer.


2 The world's first classical casino appeared in Italy in the early 17th century and was called Ridotto. The institution was located in the Venetian church of St. Moses. Only nobility and aristocracy were allowed inside, and they had to pay high gambling and service fees.


In the early 18th century, gambling houses also opened in France and Germany. Members of the high classes lost huge sums of money, and many families were on the verge of bankruptcy. For this reason, in the late 19th century, European governments began to ban casinos. Then in the 19th century, the first casinos appeared in America.


They were called "Saloons." Visitors came to play cards, roulette, and slot machines. Often the gamblers became so involved in disputes over winnings or losses that there were shootouts. So in the early 20th century, the authorities decided to ban gambling in the country altogether. However, by this point, they had become so popular with the population that they could not be shut down completely. Saloons continued to operate illegally. Then the authorities decided to legalize casinos in the state of Nevada.



Thus began the era of casino cities such as Las Vegas, whose entire economy is based on gambling. Incidentally, the prototype of a slot machine, the "one-armed bandit," appeared not in a casino but in a gas station.

It was invented by Charles Fay and called the Liberty Bell. Its design was as simple as possible: you had to flip a coin and pull a lever. The biggest payout symbol was the bell, and the bandit paid 50 cents for three bells. It was supposed to be played by drivers so they wouldn't get bored while filling the car because gas stations used to be very slow to fill the tank with fuel. In today's machines, there are no levers. Instead, there are buttons and a screen, and the results on the screen fall through a random number generator in the computer.


However, the algorithm is set up so that the casino always wins. Psychological manipulation also comes into play. For example, often, a player rolls a combination in which there is not enough to win just a little, for example, four sevens instead of the necessary five. The player loses money but psychologically perceives it as if he almost won. This forces him to continue playing because he hopes to get lucky next time since he is only short.


3 The word gambling comes from the French language and means a game of chance. Gambling is translated as chance. Many people associate the word casino with luxury and wealth. This is because gambling clubs do their best to create a beautiful world of entertainment, albeit virtual, for customers.